"Chicano writers from El Paso are the most progressive, open-minded, far-reaching, and inclusive writers of them all."

Octavio Romano

Friday, September 10, 2010

New Chicano, Mexicano, Dominican Titles, Paperbacks - Demetria Martinez, Freud, Pseudo-Militaries


New Books and in Paperback in September 2010

Chicano(a) Titles

Hardcover University of New Mexico Press September 15, 2010
ISBN-10: 0826348629 
 Demetria Martinez, Rosalee Montoya-Read (Authors), Lisa May Casaus (Illustrator)

Grandpa Luis loves to have his grandchildren, Alejandra, Daniel, and Benjaminn, visit him in his hometown of Chimayo, New Mexico, and is happy to make a fresh batch of homemade tortillas whenever the children want them. One morning, Grandpa Luis leaves a tortilla on the griddle too long, almost burning it. 

Grandma puts the crunchy tortilla aside for Grandpa's lunch quesadilla, but not before the children discover something very unusual about the tortilla. Benjamin has seen the perfect shape of a bear, but Daniel swears he saw a dolphin. 

When Alejandra goes for a second look, all three of them watch as the body of the bear changes into a dolphin and then into a coyote right before their eyes. Word spreads quickly and soon the neighborhood children are clamoring to see animals appear in the magic tortilla.

Through a child's lens, this lighthearted bilingual tale presents the contemporary phenomenon of sacred and mundane objects appearing on everyday items like doors, walls, toast or, in this case, a tortilla.

Author Demetria Martinez is a journalist, novelist, poet, activist, lecturer, and columnist. She is the author of Mother Tongue, winner of the Western States Book Award for Fiction, and Confessions of a Berlitz-Tape Chicana, which won the 2006 International Latino Book Award for best biography. This is her first children's book.

Rosalee Montoya-Read is a freelance writer, poet, and author. Her numerous works of poetry and short stories have been published both in English and Spanish. This is her first children's book. 

Mexico Titles and Topics

Hardcover The MIT Press September 30, 2010
ISBN-10: 0262014424
Rubén Gallo

Freud’s Mexico is a completely unexpected contribution to Freud studies. Here, Rubén Gallo reveals Freud’s previously undisclosed connections to a culture and a psychoanalytic tradition not often associated with him. 

Freud found a receptive audience among Mexican intellectuals, read Mexican books, collected Mexican antiquities, and dreamed Mexican dreams; his writings bear the traces of a longstanding fascination with the country.

In the Mexico of the 1920s and 1930s, Freud made an impact not only among psychiatrists but also in literary, artistic, and political circles. 

Gallo writes about a “motley crew” of Freud’s readers who devised some of the most original, elaborate, and influential applications of psychoanalytic theory anywhere in the world: the poet Salvador Novo, a gay dandy who used Freud to vindicate marginal sexual identities; the conservative philosopher Samuel Ramos, who diagnosed the collective neuroses afflicting his country; the cosmopolitan poet Octavio Paz, who launched a psychoanalytic inquiry into the origins of Mexican history; and Gregorio Lemercier, a Benedictine monk who put his entire monastery into psychoanalysis.

After describing Mexico’s Freud, Gallo offers an imaginative reconstruction of Freud’s Mexico. 

Although Freud himself never visited Mexico, he owned a treatise on criminal law by a Mexican judge who put defendants — including Trotsky’s assassin — on the psychoanalyst’s couch; he acquired Mexican pieces as part of his celebrated collection of antiquities; and he recorded dreams of a Mexico that was fraught with danger. 

Freud’s Mexico features a varied cast of characters that includes Maximilian von Hapsburg, Leon Trotsky and his assassin Ramón Mercader, Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera — and even David Rockefeller. Gallo offers bold and vivid rereadings of both Freudian texts and Mexican cultural history. 

Jean-Frederic Waldeck: Artist of Exotic Mexico 
Hardcover University of New Mexico Press September 16, 2010 
ISBN-10: 0826347037
Esther Pasztory

One of the first artists to visit the Mayan ruins at Palenque after Mexican independence, Jean-Frederic Waldeck has long been dismissed as unreliable, his drawings of pre-Columbian art marred by his excessive interest in European styles of beauty. 

With this fresh look at Waldeck's entire output, including his desire to exhibit at Paris salons, his reconstructions of Mayan and Aztec subjects can be understood as art rather than illustration. 

Pasztory sees him as a unique Neoclassicist who has never been fully appreciated. In addition to illustrating Maya antiquities in the days before photography, Waldeck painted imaginary reconstructions of pre-Columbian life and rituals and scenes of everyday life in nineteenth-century Mexico. 

Most his contemporaries looking for exotic subject matter went east and are now referred to as Orientalists. Waldeck went west and found the exotic in the New World, but as Esther Pasztory suggests, he is an Orientalist in spirit. 

Waldeck's work was not considered interesting or important in its day, but twenty-first century viewers can appreciate his sensibility, which combines the modern domestic with the ancient mythic and features a theatrical version of Neoclassicism that looks forward to a Hollywood that would not exist until decades after the artist's death in 1875 at the age of 109.

Political Intelligence and the Creation of Modern Mexico, 1938-1954  

Hardcover Pennsylvania State Univ Pr September 8, 2010 

ISBN-10: 0271037059

Mexican politics in the 20th century was dominated by two complementary paradigms: the rhetoric of the Mexican Revolution and the existence of an 'official' party. 

The Mexican Revolution has enjoyed a long and voluminous historiography; the 'official' party has not. While the importance of the Revolution as a historical period is self-evident, the development of a party based on the political aspirations of the surviving revolutionary elites has not generally sparked as much historical interest. 

This book traces the path of the party, founded as the Partido Nacional Revolucionario (PNR), through its reformation as the Partido de la Revolución Mexicana (PRM) in 1938 and then as the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) in 1946, which finally fell from power in 2000. 

Aaron Navarro shows how the transformation of the PRM into the PRI, the removal of the military from electoral politics, the resettlement of younger officers in the intelligence services, and the inculcation of a new discipline among political elites all produced the conditions that allowed for the dominance of a single-party structure for decades.

Creative State: Forty Years of Migration and Development Policy in Morocco and Mexico  
Paperback Ilr Pr; First edition September 16, 2010 ISBN-10: 0801475996
Natasha Iskande

At the turn of the 21st century, with the amount of money emigrants sent home soaring to new highs, governments around the world began searching for ways to capitalize on emigration for economic growth, and they looked to nations that already had policies in place. 

Morocco and Mexico featured prominently as sources of best practices in this area, with tailor-made financial instruments that brought migrants into the banking system, captured remittances for national development projects, fostered partnerships with emigrants for infrastructure design and provision, hosted transnational forums for development planning, and emboldened cross-border political lobbies. 

In Creative State, Natasha Iskander chronicles how these innovative policies emerged and evolved over forty years. She reveals that the Moroccan and Mexican policies emulated as models of excellence were not initially devised to link emigration to development, but rather were deployed to strengthen both governments domestic hold on power. 

The process of policy design, however, was so iterative and improvisational that neither the governments nor their migrant constituencies ever predicted, much less intended, the ways the new initiatives would gradually but fundamentally redefine nationhood, development, and citizenship. 

Moroccos and Mexicos experiences with migration and development policy demonstrate that far from being a prosaic institution resistant to change, the state can be a remarkable site of creativity, an essential but often overlooked component of good governance.


Devolver al Remitente  
(Return to Sender Spanish Edition)
(Yearling Sep 2010 ISBN-10: 0375851240)
Julia Alvarez.

See description for Return to Sender.

(Yearling Sep 14, 2010 ISBN-10: 0375851232) 
Julia Alvarez . 

After Tyler's father is injured in a tractor accident, his family is forced to hire migrant Mexican workers to help save their Vermont farm from foreclosure. Tyler isn’t sure what to make of these workers. Are they undocumented? And what about the three daughters, particularly Mari, the oldest, who is proud of her Mexican heritage but also increasingly connected her American life. Her family lives in constant fear of being discovered by the authorities and sent back to the poverty they left behind in Mexico. Can Tyler and Mari find a way to be friends despite their differences?

In a novel full of hope, but no easy answers, Julia Alvarez weaves a beautiful and timely story that will stay with readers long after they finish it.

Miscellaneous topics

Who Gets a Childhood?: Race and Juvenile Justice 
in Twentieth-Century Texas
Univ of Georgia Press Sept 1 5 , 2 0 1 0 I S B N - 1 0 : 0820329835)
William S. Bush

Using Texas as a case study for understanding change in the American juvenile justice system over the past
century, Bush tells the story of three cycles of scandal, reform, and retrenchment, each of which played out in ways that tended to extend the privileges of a protected childhood to white middle- and upper-class youth, while denying those protections to blacks, Latinos, and poor whites.

Mari, the oldest, who is proud of her Mexican heritage but also increasingly connected her American life. Her family lives in constant fear of being discovered by the authorities and sent back to the poverty they left behind in Mexico. Can Tyler and Mari find a way to be friends despite their differences?

Louann Atkins Temple Women & Culture Series Paperback
University of Texas Press September 1, 2010
ISBN-10: 0292723032
Judith N. McArthur , Harold L. Smith

Texas women broke barriers throughout the 20th century, winning the right to vote, expanding their access to higher education, entering new professions, participating fully in civic and political life, and planning their families. 

Yet these major achievements have hardly been recognized in histories of twentieth-century Texas. By contrast, Texas Through Women's Eyes offers a fascinating overview of women's experiences and achievements in the 20th century, with an inclusive focus on rural women, working-class women, and women of color.

McArthur and Smith trace the history of Texas women through four eras. 

They discuss how women entered the public sphere to work for social reforms and the right to vote during the Progressive era (1900-1920); how they continued working for reform and social justice and for greater opportunities in education and the workforce during the Great Depression and World War II (1920-1945)

The authors also look at how African American and Mexican American women fought for labor and civil rights while Anglo women laid the foundation for two-party politics during the postwar years (1945-1965); and how second-wave feminists (1965-2000) promoted diverse and sometimes competing goals, including passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, reproductive freedom, gender equity in sports, and the rise of the New Right and the Republican party.

the Wide Side of the Missouri
Paperback University of Texas Press September 1, 2010
ISBN-10: 0292722982
James Thomas (Editor), D. Seth Horton (Editor), Kent Meyers (Foreword)

Best of the West: New Stories from the Wide Side of the Missouri, an annual anthology of exceptional short fiction rooted in the western United States, debuted in 1988 and continued publication until 1992. 

Recognizing that the West remains rewarding territory for literary explorations, James Thomas and D. Seth Horton revived the series in 2009. Best of the West 2010 brings together established and emerging writers who reinterpret this most vital of literary regions and create, as Kent Meyers puts it in his foreword, "gift[s] the nation needs right now." 

Editors Horton and Thomas have chosen nineteen stories by writers including Sherman Alexie, Rick Bass, Ron Carlson, Julia Glass, William Kittredge, Kent Nelson, and Deb Olin Unferth. 

Their subjects vary from a Greek community in Wyoming dealing with a suicide, to a re-creation of Christ's crucifixion in New Mexico, to an unlikely friendship that peaks at a burial ground in Alaska. 

Best of the West 2010 is the latest indication that the West has become one of the most crucial settings for contemporary American fiction. 

Contributors;; Sherman Alexie; Rick Bass; John Blanchard; Elea Carey; Ron Carlson; Natalie Diaz; Darren Dillman; Ben Ehrenreich; Julia Glass; Dina Guidubaldi; Ben Kostival; William Kittredge; Paul Mihas; Kent Nelson; Daniel Orozco; Kirstin Valdez Quade; Aurelie Sheehan; Justin St. Germain; Deb Olin Unferth.

Oxford Studies in Culture & Politics Hardcover
Oxford University Press, USA September 1, 2010
ISBN-10: 0199751242
Mark R. Warren

Fire in the Heart uncovers the dynamic processes through which some white Americans become activists for racial justice. 

The book reports powerful accounts of the development of racial awareness drawn from in-depth interviews with fifty white activists in the fields of community organizing, education, and criminal justice reform.

Drawing extensively on the rich interview material, Mark Warren shows how white Americans can develop a commitment to racial justice, not just because it is the right thing to do, but because they embrace the cause as their own. 

Contrary to much contemporary thinking on racial issues focused on altruism or interests, Warren finds that cognitive and rational processes alone do little to move whites to action. 

Rather, the motivation to take and sustain action for racial justice is profoundly moral and relational. Warren shows how white activists come to find common cause with people of color when their core values are engaged, as they build relationships with people of color that lead to caring, and when they develop a vision of a racially just future that they understand to benefit everyone--themselves, other whites, and people of color. 

Warren also considers the complex dynamics and dilemmas white people face in working in multiracial organizations committed to systemic change in America's racial order, and provides a deeper understanding and appreciation of the role that white people can play in efforts to promote racial justice.

The first study of its kind, Fire in the Heart brings to light the perspectives of white people who are working day-to-day to build not a post-racial America but the foundations for a truly multiracial America rooted in a caring, human community with equity and justice at its core.

Gangs, Pseudo-Militaries, and Other Modern Mercenaries: New Dynamics in Uncomfortable Wars 
International and Security Affairs Series, Vol. 6
Hardcover Univ of Oklahoma Pr (Txt) September 1, 2010
ISBN-10: 0806141468
Max G. Manwaring

As the first decade of the 21st century has made brutally clear, the very definitions of war and the enemy have changed almost beyond recognition. Threats to security are now as likely to come from armed propagandists, popular militias, or mercenary organizations as they are from conventional armies backed by nation-states. 

In this timely book, national security expert Max G. Manwaring explores a little-understood actor on the stage of irregular warfare the gang.

Since the end of the Cold War, some one hundred insurgencies or irregular wars have erupted throughout the world. Gangs have figured prominently in more than half of those conflicts, yet these and other nonstate actors have received little focused attention from scholars or analysts. This book fills that void.

Employing a case study approach, and believing that shadows from the past often portend the future, Manwaring begins with a careful consideration of the writings of V. I. Lenin. He then scrutinizes the Piqueteros in Argentina, gangs in Colombia, the Zetas and private armies in Mexico, Hugo Chavez s use of popular militias in Venezuela, and the looming threat of Al Qaeda in Western Europe. 

As conventional warfare is increasingly eclipsed by these irregular and uncomfortable wars, Manwaring boldly diagnoses the problem and recommends solutions that policymakers should heed.

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