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Thursday, June 16, 2011

New Books in June: South America, Part I

New Books in June: South America, Part I


Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas 

(William and Bettye Nowlin Series in Art, History, and Culture of the Western Hemisphere) [Hardcover]Publisher: University of Texas Press; Tra edition (May 1, 2011)

Language: English ISBN-10: 0292723830 ISBN-13: 978-0292723832

Cristóbal de Molina (Author), Brian S. Bauer (Translator, Introduction), Vania Smith-Oka (Translator), Gabriel E. Cantarutti (Translator)

Only a few decades after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the third Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, called for a report on the religious practices of the Incas. 

The report was prepared by Cristóbal de Molina, a priest of the Hospital for the Natives of Our Lady of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher General of the city. 

Molina was an outstanding Quechua speaker, and his advanced language skills allowed him to interview the older indigenous men of Cuzco who were among the last surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals conducted at the height of Inca rule. Thus, Molina's account preserves a crucial first-hand record of Inca religious beliefs and practices.

This volume is the first English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas since 1873 and includes the first authoritative scholarly commentary and notes. The work opens with several Inca creation myths and descriptions of the major gods and shrines (huacas). 

Molina then discusses the most important rituals that occurred in Cuzco during each month of the year, as well as rituals that were not tied to the ceremonial calendar, such as birth rituals, female initiation rites, and marriages. Molina also describes the Capacocha ritual, in which all the shrines of the empire were offered sacrifices, as well as the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial movement that spread across the Andes during the late 1560s in response to growing Spanish domination and accelerated violence against the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.

The General's Slow Retreat: Chile after Pinochet 

Hardcover University of California Press; 1 edition (May 12, 2011) 

ISBN-10: 0520256131 ISBN-13: 978-0520256132

In her acclaimed book Soldiers in a Narrow Land, Mary Helen Spooner took us inside the brutal dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet. 

Carrying Chile's story up to the present, she now offers this vivid account of how Chile rebuilt its democracy after 17 years of military rule--with the former dictator watching, and waiting, from the sidelines. 

Spooner discusses the major players, events, and institutions in Chile's recent political history, delving into such topics as the environmental situation, the economy, and the election of Michelle Bachelet. 

Throughout, she examines Pinochet's continuing influence on public life as she tells how he grudgingly ceded power, successfully fought investigations into his human rights record and finances, kept command of the army for eight years after leaving the presidency, was detained on human rights charges, and died without being convicted of any of the many serious crimes of which he was accused. 

Chile has now become one of South America's greatest economic and political successes, but as we find in The General's Slow Retreat, it remains a country burdened with a painful past.

An Account of the Conquest of Peru 
Paperback CreateSpace (May 2, 2011)
ISBN-10: 1461144612 ISBN-13: 978-146114461
Pedro Sancho (Author) 

The history of Peru spans several millennia. Long before the Incas, there existed peoples who thrived in this territory. About 15,200 years ago, groups of people are believed to have crossed the Bering Strait from Asia and survived as nomads, hunting, gathering fruits and vegetables and fishing in the sea, rivers and lakes. 

Peruvian territory was home to the Norte Chico civilization, one of the six oldest in the world, and to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. When the Spanish landed in 1531, Peru's territory was the nucleus of the highly developed Inca civilization. 

Centered at Cuzco, the Inca Empire extended over a vast region, stretching from northern Ecuador to central Chile. Francisco Pizarro and his brothers were attracted by the news of a rich and fabulous kingdom. In 1532, they arrived in the country, which they called Peru. (The forms Biru, Pirú, and Berú are also seen in early records.) 

According to Raúl Porras Barrenechea, Peru is not a Quechuan nor Caribbean word, but Indo-Hispanic or hybrid. In the years between 1524 and 1526 smallpox, introduced from Panama and preceding the Spanish conquerors swept through the Inca Empire. The death of the Incan ruler Huayna Capac as well as most of his family including his heir, caused the fall of the Incan political structure and contributed to the civil war between the brothers Atahualpa and Huáscar. 

Taking advantage of this, Pizarro carried out a coup d’état. On November 16, 1532, while the natives were in a celebration in Cajamarca, the Spanish in a surprise move captured the Inca Atahualpa during the Battle of Cajamarca, causing a great consternation among the natives and conditioning the future course of the fight. When Huascar was killed, the Spanish tried and convicted Atahualpa of the murder, executing him by strangulation. 

Brazil and the Quiet Intervention, 1964 
Paperback University of Texas Press (May 1, 2011)
ISBN-10: 0292729502 ISBN-13: 978-0292729506

When the Brazilian military overthrew President João Goulart in 1964, American diplomats characterized the coup as a "100 percent Brazilian movement." It has since become apparent, largely through government documents declassified during the course of research for this book, that the United States had an invisible but pervasive part in the coup.

Relying principally on documents from the Johnson and Kennedy presidential libraries, Phyllis Parker unravels the events of the coup in fascinating detail. The evidence she presents is corroborated by interviews with key participants.

U.S. interference in the Goulart regime began when normal diplomatic pressure failed to produce the desired enthusiasm from him for the Alliance of Progress. Political and economic manipulations also proving ineffective, the United States stood ready to back a military takeover of Brazil's constitutional democracy.

U.S. operation "Brother Sam" involved shipments of petroleum, a naval task force, and tons of arms and ammunition in preparation for intervention during the 1964 coup. When the Brazilian military gained control without calling on the ready assistance, U.S. policy makers immediately accorded recognition to the new government and set in motion plans for economic support.

Terms of Inclusion: Black Intellectuals in Twentieth-Century Brazil 
Paperback The University of North Carolina Press (April 18, 2011)
ISBN-10: 0807871710ISBN-13: 978-0807871713
Paulina Alberto (Author)

In this history of black thought and racial activism in twentieth-century Brazil, Paulina Alberto demonstrates that black intellectuals, and not just elite white Brazilians, shaped discourses about race relations and the cultural and political terms of inclusion in their modern nation.
Drawing on a wide range of sources including the prolific black press of the era, and focusing on the influential urban centers of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Bahia, Alberto traces the shifting terms that black thinkers used to negotiate their citizenship over the course of the century, offering fresh insight into the relationship between ideas of race and nation in modern Brazil. 

Alberto finds that black intellectuals' ways of engaging with official racial discourses changed as broader historical trends made the possibilities for true inclusion appear to flow and then recede. These distinct political strategies, Alberto argues, were nonetheless part of black thinkers' ongoing attempts to make dominant ideologies of racial harmony meaningful in light of evolving local, national, and international politics and discourse. 

Terms of Inclusion tells a new history of the role of people of color in shaping and contesting the racialized contours of citizenship in twentieth-century Brazil. 

Voice and Vote: Decentralization and Participation in Post-Fujimori Peru 
Paperback Stanford University Press (May 4, 2011)
ISBN-10: 080477398X ISBN-13: 978-0804773980
Stephanie McNulty (Author)
In the months following disgraced ex-President Alberto Fujimori's flight to Japan, Peru had a political crisis on its hands. 

The newly elected government that came together in mid-2001 faced a skeptical and suspicious public, with no magic bullet for achieving legitimacy. Many argued that the future of democracy was at stake, and that the government's ability to decentralize and incorporate new actors in decision-making processes was critical. 

Toward that end, the country's political elite devolved power to subnational governments and designed new institutions to encourage broader citizen participation. By 2002, Peru's participatory decentralization reform (PDR) was finalized and the experiment began.

This book explores the possibilities and limitations of the decision to restructure political systems in a way that promotes participation. The analysis also demonstrates the power that political, historical, and institutional factors can have in the design and outcomes of participatory institutions.

Using original data from six regions of Peru, political scientist Stephanie McNulty documents variation in PDR implementation, delves into the factors that explain this variation, and points to regional factors as prime determinants in the success or failure of participatory institutions.

The Inkas: Last Stage of Stone Masonry Development in the Andes 
Paperback British Archaeological Reports (May 20, 2011)
ISBN-10: 0860549259 ISBN-13: 978-0860549253
Francesco Menotti

This book examines Inka stone masonry, a major hallmark of their culture, tracing the process from extraction through dressing techniques to stone-block transport and use. The Inkas' five most exploited quarries within the Cuzco region are examined with particular emphasis on the Llama Pit of Rumiqolqa Quarry. 

The main styles of wall construction are categorised and their application to different kinds of Inka buildings are examined. The implications of apparently earthquake-proof walls are explored. In a new publishing-departure for BAR, a CD with 100 colour photos is included in this book.

The Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire 
Paperback CreateSpace (May 24, 2011)
ISBN-10: 146351221X ISBN-13: 978-1463512217
William Prescott

The Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. 

This historic process of military conquest was made by Spanish conquistadores and their native allies. After years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, 169 Spanish soldiers under Francisco Pizarro and their native allies ambushed the Sapa Inca Atahualpa (emperor of the Inca Empire) and captured him in the 1532 Battle of Cajamarca. 

It was the first step in a long campaign that took decades of fighting to subdue the mightiest empire in the Americas. In subsequent years Spain extended its rule over the Empire. 

Brazil and Its Neighbors: Background and U.S. Relations 
(Latin American Political, Economic, and Security Issues) Hardcover 
Nova Science Pub Inc (May 30, 2011)
ISBN-10: 1617611131 ISBN-13: 978-1617611131
Wesley B. Rottner (Editor) 

Brazil is considered a significant political and economic power in Latin America, and an emerging global leader. Brazil has long held the potential to become a world power, but its rise to prominence has been curtailed by setbacks, including 21 years of military rule, political instability, and uneven economic growth. 

This book analyses Brazil and its neighbours: Bolivia, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela's political, economic, and social conditions, and how those conditions affect the region and relationship with the United States. 

Revolutionary Doctors: How Venezuela and Cuba Are Changing the World's Conception of Health Care 
Paperback Monthly Review Press (May 1, 2011)
ISBN-10: 1583672397 ISBN-13: 978-158367239 
Steve Brouwer

Revolutionary Doctors gives readers a first-hand account of Venezuela's innovative and inspiring program of community healthcare, designed to serve--and largely carried out by--the poor themselves. 

Drawing on long-term participant observations as well as in-depth research, Brouwer tells the story of Venezuela's Integral Community Medicine program, in which doctor-teachers move into the countryside and poor urban areas to recruit and train doctors from among peasants and workers. 

Such programs were first developed in Cuba, and Cuban medical personnel play a key role in Venezuela today as advisors and organizers. This internationalist model has been a great success -- Cuba is a world leader in medicine and medical training -- and Brouwer shows how the Venezuelans are now, with the aid of their Cuban counterparts, following suit.

But this program is not without its challenges. It has faced much hostility from traditional Venezuelan doctors as well as all the forces antagonistic to the Venezuelan and Cuban revolutions. 

Despite the obstacles it describes, Revolutionary Doctors demonstrates how a society committed to the well-being of its poorest people can actually put that commitment into practice, by delivering essential healthcare through the direct empowerment of the people it aims to serve.

Sigo llamando a esta luz (Spanish Edition) 
Paperback CreateSpace (May 20, 2011)
Language: SpanishISBN-10: 1463514298 ISBN-13: 978-1463514297
Marysol Carrero Necker 

La pregunta que formulara Tales hace más de dos mil años es recurrente en este libro de Marysol Carrero Necker. Lírica y reflexión conjuntadas y conjuradas para dar cuenta del misterio iniciático, del éxtasis del silencio, del tiempo como ilusión enfrentado al instante, tal vez la realidad, acaso otro sueño. 

Urgente actitud de quien indaga el origen, el oscuro milagro de los dioses que la poesía revela en acto de extraña comunión entre el hombre y lo sagrado, y que ante el desprestigio de aquéllos deriva en persecución, en lucha denodada entre la razón y el asombro: “Río, brebaje infinito./ ¿Dónde está el camino de los dioses que me enseñaste?” Palabra tierna y desgarrada. 

Recorrido desde el abismo en donde la duda asalta en cada fuego, en la inocencia del primer atisbo, en la conciencia del ser y del estar, en la certeza del no tener, en el ancestral despojo del nacimiento: “Soy sustancia cósmica de lecho de río. / ¡Tengo lágrimas de vida y canto!” Sigo llamando a esta luz emprende un viaje por las riesgosas orillas de la palabra interior, en perfecta vulnerabilidad de máscara desde adentro, paradoja existencial del hombre en todo tiempo y lugar, como si de este anhelo germinal dependiese el reencuentro, la culminación feliz de la tiniebla iluminada. 

Hay que saludar la nueva palabra de esta escritora venezolana. Certera y valiente, sabe que el “tiempo es una trampa”, que siempre nos asedia el eterno retorno, “la fosa abismal de la memoria”, “el delirio del círculo”, o lo que puede ser peor, la terrible amenaza de la salvación: “Vamos en este camino / de extraño animal / en busca de su ser!” Hernando Guerra Tovar

American Grand Strategy for Latin America in the Age of Resentment  
Paperback CreateSpace (May 5, 2011)
ISBN-10: 1461156688 ISBN-13: 978-1461156680
Gabriel Marcella

The fear that extra-hemispheric powers would strategically deny Latin America as a friend of the United States has animated American statesmen since the 19th century. Such fear certainly pervaded the Cold war competition. 

Today the challenge to the security and well-being of Latin America is neither ideological, nor military, nor external. Strategic denial is more likely to come about from a highly combustible blend of poverty, crime, despair, corruption, resentment, and antidemocratic sentiments that promise a vague 21st century socialism under new authoritarian clothing. 

The sentiments are sinking deep roots in the sociopolitical landscape, and they are profoundly anti- American. This witch’s brew is presently best understood in the case of the Andean countries, particularly Bolivia, Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela. They, along with Peru, are experiencing a crisis of democratic legitimacy, authority, and governance. The crisis in the Andean countries applies to much of Latin America. 

The problem is compounded by the prevalence of weak state systems that are incapable of providing security, justice, and the benefits of democratic governance to the maximum number of people. The roots of the weak state syndrome are to be found in the persisting dualism of the formal state populated by the “haves” and the informal state populated by the “have nots.” The two states are socio-spatially separated from each other. The 40 percent of the population that inhabits the informal state must be productively integrated into the formal state and into the global economy, or Latin America will continue to face crises of authority, governance, and legitimacy.

The United States is the only power that can move Latin America in the right direction. Good things usually happen when the United States fully directs its attention toward Latin America. Accordingly, a new American grand strategy for Latin America is imperative. It must address simultaneously two challenges: strengthening the effectiveness of the democratic state, and enhancing the security and dignity of the socially excluded. Such strategy requires vision and new ways of thinking about holistic security. The unpleasant alternative for the hemispheric community will be poor security partners sitting atop a cauldron of accumulating resentment.

Tales from Colombia: The Deeds and Misdeeds of 41 Peace Corps Volunteers Who Answered President Kennedy's Call to Serve 
Paperback Paulary Publishing (May 24, 2011)
ISBN-10: 0615457479ISBN-13: 978-0615457475
Gary Dean Peterson (Author), Pauline J Peterson (Editor), Emily L Mack (Editor),

Reprisal killings, terrifying bus rides, cock fights and lady matadors, rescuing imperiled missionaries, Amazon jungle adventures, death on high mountain glaciers, brutal jails, romantic weddings, Christmas in the Caribbean, a Peace Corps baby and touching gifts from simple people who have so little themselves are some of the stories related by the members of Colombia ’64. 

This book chronicles the adventures of this group of forty-one Peace Corps Volunteers who came from across America to train at the University of Nebraska in 1964, only a year after President Kenney’s assassination. These young men and women were from every level of society, from share croppers to Harvard graduates. 

They were farmers, teachers, mechanics and Marines. Some had only high school educations, many had college degrees. This diverse cross section of American youth received training in agriculture/nutrition and educational television in Nebraska and Puerto Rico, then were scattered across the dense jungles, rugged mountains, deep valleys and tropical plains of Colombia, South America. 

Here they worked in the big cities and in the smallest, most primitive villages. They worked with educated, well-to-do Colombians and with high mountain Amerindians who retained their native customs and dress. They served among the alegre (joyful, cheerful) predominately black population of the Caribbean coast, the mixed races of the interior valleys and the taciturn populations of the high mountains, descendants of the warriors of the once powerful Chibcha Empire. 

There were the costenos (coastal people) and the llaneros (plainsmen, the cowboys of Colombia). These young Americans came to know Colombia intimately and were themselves changed by the experiance. This book tells the story of these Volunteers, much of it on their own words, the training, the two years in Colombia and how those two years of service affected their lives. Included are biographies of the forty-one Volunteers who became ranchers and teachers, college professors, engineers and bank executives, even an FBI agent and a Broadway producer. 

It is the story of an evolving Peace Corps, instituted as a more effective means of providing foreign aid and as a weapon in America’s arsenal to fight the Cold War. It is also the saga of a country striving to modernize while combatting civil war, communist insurgents and drug cartels, a country that seems, so often, to be on the brink of progress and prosperity. It is a country and a people these Vounteers came to love and appreciate, a country to which they will always feel a special bond.

The FARC: The Longest Insurgency (Rebels) 
Paperback Zed Books (May 15, 2011)
ISBN-10: 1848134924 ISBN-13: 978-1848134928
Garry Leech (Author) 

To many -- the Colombian, U.S. and the EU governments among them -- the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) is no more than a terrorist organization.  Moreover, they claim that the FARC is only engaged in criminal activities and no longer maintains an ideology.  But does this tell the whole story? 

Or can terrorism be a strategy for furthering ideological objectives -- irrespective of how the terrorist actions may appear to contradict stated political and ideological beliefs? As the UN's special envoy to Colombia noted in 2003, it would be "a mistake to think that the FARC members are only drug traffickers and terrorists."

Part of Zed's groundbreaking Rebels series, Garry Leech has written the definitive introduction to the FARC, examining the group's origins, aims and ideology, and looking at its organizational and operational structures. 

The book also investigates the FARC's impact on local, regional and global politics and explores its future direction. As someone who reported from the frontline in Colombia for many years and was himself kidnapped by the FARC, Leech offers an unparalled insight into one of the world's most high-profile armed revolutionary organizations.

Gestión Empresarial en Colombia: Un Aporte Desde la Administración 
(Spanish Edition) Paperback Universidad Nacional de Colombia (May 30, 2011)
Language: Spanish
ISBN-10: 958719800XISBN-13: 978-9587198003
 Gregorio Calderón (Author)

Bajo la perspectiva que ve a la Administración como un campo de conocimiento que puede aportar al desarrollo del país y contribuir a una mejor gestión de la empresa pública y la empresa privada se presenta esta investigación que aúna dos visiones: desde la academia, para conocer los avances y desarrollos en el país sobre el concepto de administración y su generación de conocimiento; desde la gestión, para identificar la manera como las organizaciones obtienen los recursos que generan productividad y competitividad en el país. 

En las páginas de este libro se hace un análisis conceptual del tema y se reflexiona sobre cuatro aspectos fundamentales de la gestión empresarial: la estrategia, la gestión humana, la cultura organizacional y el desempeño de las empresas, con el fin de mejorar la gestión de las organizaciones y suministrar a las instituciones fundamentos que incorporen políticas públicas.

Ritual de títeres (Spanish Edition) 
Paperback CreateSpace (May 18, 2011)
Language: Spanish
ISBN-10: 146350487X
ISBN-13: 978-1463504878
Gonzalo Márquez Cristo (Author) 

«Su novela Ritual de títeres es una contienda entre filosofía e imagen que conduce afortunadamente a la tragedia». E.M. Cioran (París, septiembre 26 de 1992). «Ritual de títeres es un libro colmado de hallazgos, de múltiples sutilezas y de una concepción muy especial, muy personal en toda su estructura. 

Su complejidad, su densidad, sus definiciones y sentencias son perturbadoras; no hay una sola frase llana, un puente habitual, una consideración directa que permita escapar de las corrientes encontradas y singularmente entretejidas... Agradezco la riqueza inagotable de cada página y la excelencia de su escritura». Olga Orozco (Buenos Aires, marzo 10 de 1993). 

Ritual de títeres: aventura esencialista, exploración poética, prestidigitación estructural, intensidad reflexiva, propuesta de actualizar el sentido original de lo trágico... Es revelación de una profunda investigación sobre el amor y el espíritu libertario, escrita en dos planos narrativos (mítico y vivencial) que terminan suplantándose. Su confluencia de géneros: Ensayo-cuento-poesía-teatro; en un extenso aliento que transgrede a la acción, se proyecta filosóficamente proclamando la entronización del instante, en estos tiempos en los que aún no asistimos al regreso del hombre.

The Latin American Drug Trade: Scope, Dimensions, Impact, and Response 
Paperback Rand Publishing (May 4, 2011)
ISBN-10: 0833051792 ISBN-13: 978-0833051790
Peter Chalk (Author)

Transnational crime remains a particularly serious problem in Latin America, with most issues connected to the drug trade. There are several relevant roles that the U.S. Air Force can and should play in boosting Mexico¹s capacity to counter drug production and trafficking, as well as further honing and adjusting its wider counternarcotics effort in Latin America.

Memoria de aprendiz (Spanish Edition) 
Paperback CreateSpace (May 20, 2011)
Language: Spanish ISBN-10: 1463513984
ISBN-13: 978-1463513986
Yirama Castaño Güiza (Author)
Yirama Castaño Güiza (Socorro, Santander, 1964). Periodista y editora. Ha publicado los libros de poemas: Naufragio de luna (1990), Jardín de sombras (1994), El sueño de la otra (1997) y Memoria de aprendiz (2011). Participó en la creación de la Fundación Común Presencia. Sus poemas han sido traducidos y publicados en medios de Colombia y el exterior.
Yirama Castaño Güiza (Socorro, Santander, 1964). Periodista y editora. Ha publicado los libros de poemas: Naufragio de luna (1990), Jardín de sombras (1994), El sueño de la otra (1997) y Memoria de aprendiz (2011). Participó en la creación de la Fundación Común Presencia. Sus poemas han sido traducidos y publicados en medios de Colombia y el exterior.

En la posada de J. Babel (Spanish Edition) 
Paperback CreateSpace (May 20, 2011)
Language: SpanishISBN-10: 1463514239ISBN-13: 978-1463514235
Luis Eduardo Gutiérrez (Author)

Mención Única del Premio Nacional de Poesía Ministerio de Cultura, 2010, Colombia. “En la Posada de J. Babel es un libro que se destaca por su unidad, por la ficción que pone en juego y por la riqueza de su lenguaje. 

El tiempo interno de los poemas atrapa al lector por su densidad metafórica. Es una obra distinta dentro de la tradición lírica colombiana”. Ramón Eduardo Cote, María Baranda, Juan Felipe Robledo, Elkin Restrepo y Eduardo Chirinos (Jurado).
Luis Eduardo Gutiérrez. Nació en Ibagué. Codirigió el suplemento cultural del periódico El Nuevo Día de Ibagué y el taller de poesía de la Biblioteca Darío Echandía de la misma ciudad. Premio Nacional del concurso de Poesía Eduardo Cote Lamus (2007); Única Mención de Honor del Concurso Nacional de Poesía del Ministerio de Cultura (2010); Mención de Honor Concurso Nacional de Cuento Ciudad de Bogotá (2002) y Mención del Concurso Nacional de Poesía Antonio Llanos de Cali (1997). Libros Publicados: Perseguidos por el cielo (Ediciones Apertura, 1995); Los espejos de la Hidra (Ediciones Tiempo de Palabra, 2001); y Los Cuadernos de Franz (Ediciones Nueva Granada, 2008).

Histories of the Present: People and Power in Ecuador 
Paperback University of Illinois Press; 1st Edition edition (May 1, 2011)
ISBN-10: 0252077970 ISBN-13: 978-0252077975
Norman E. Whitten (Author), Dorothea S Whitten (Author) 

The wellspring of critical analysis in this book emerges from the major Indigenous Uprising of 1990 and its ongoing aftermath in which indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorian action transformed the nation-state and established new dimensions of human relationships. The authors weave anthropological theory with longitudinal Ecuadorian ethnography to produce a unique contribution to Latin American Studies.

I Have AIDS But I Am Happy, Children´s Subjectivities, AIDS, and Social in Brazil (Spanish Edition) Paperback Universidad Nacional de Colombia (May 30, 2011)
Language: Spanish ISBN-10: 9587197488ISBN-13: 978-9587197488
César Ernesto Abadía-Barrero (Author)

Brazil, known for both its deep historical inequalities and its growing role as a powerful nation in the global economy, has been recognized as exemplary in the way it has responded to its significant AIDS epidemic, particularly by providing universal access to state of the art medical care, including expensive antiretroviral medications. T

his ethnography from the fields of medical anthropology and social medicine explores how it is to grow up living with or affected by HIV and AIDS when the right to health is respected. To what extent have Brazil´s social responses transformed the everyday lives of people afflicted by HIV or AIDS? 

Through historically oriented interpretations and analyses driven by a critical perspective, the author presents how the lives of this group of Brazilian children and adolescents are transformed within in a social paradox that he terms diseases of poverty-privileged responses. 

Many lessons can be learned from this country's approach to the AIDS epidemic and from the stories of these children, adolescents and young adults who were born afflicted by HIV/AIDS. Social science researchers, public policy officials, health care professionals and social movement activists alike will find this an easy read, but will also discover many theoretical and applied insights that will motivate discussions, further research, and challenge how we think about warranting healthcare as a human right.

Argumentación y Lógica (Spanish Edition) 
Paperback Universidad Nacional de Colombia (May 30, 2011)
Language: Spanish ISBN-10: 9587198360 ISBN-13: 978-9587198362
Clara Helena Sánchez (Author)

Con este texto se pretende aportar a los lectores algunos elementos mínimos de argumentación y lógica, que les permitan desarrollar sus competencias argumentativas. 

Se trata de mostrarles una vía intermedia entre la retórica y la lógica formal de tradición matemática (caracterizada por sus estrictas reglas de deducción) para analizar y desarrollar el discurso tanto académico como cotidiano en la perspectiva científica, técnica y de análisis de opiníon. 

El enfoque planteado ofrece algunos criterios de análisis y evaluación de textos, especialmente los de tipo argumentativo. Se pretende, por tanto, dar al lector algunas herramientas para el análisis crítico de argumentos, los cuales le permitirán evaluar de manera razonable e imparcial las fortalezas y debilidades de los mismos.

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